So you’ve chosen the perfect holiday destination and have a rough idea of when you want to go. You’re next step is to figure out roughly how much it’s going to cost you and start saving that all important money.
This how to budget for travel guide will help you work out how much money you will need for every aspect of your holiday. From the big ticket items like airfares right down to the change in your pocket to pay for street snacks and subway tickets, I’ll touch on every expense you might have and help make the experience a little less daunting.
Budgeting Early is Important
If you don’t figure out how much this holiday is going to cost you right from the start, you won’t know if you can afford it in the time frame you are hoping for. You don’t want to get your hopes up or put a deposit on an airfare only to discover that you can’t afford to stay in a standard of accommodation you’re hoping too or that you can’t afford to eat for most of the trip.
Having a budget in the initial planning phase also stops you from having a massive blowout and spending way more than you originally expected. The budget is something you will refer to and update regularly through the planning process and having it from the start gives you the bones of the holiday from which you can build on.
Where to Start
Start with a simple spreadsheet. It doesn’t have to be anything complicated, just a row for each type of expense and a column each for your budget, actual spend and difference so you can see how you’re tracking over time. I also like to add a notes column to the end of each item so I can make a note of anything important for example, the row for breakfast, in the note column I would type how many breakfasts I have budgeted for and at what cost per day.
I’ve created a sample budget spreadsheet for you complete with formulas that do all of the calculations for you. You can add and remove whatever rows are appropriate for your holiday. Or, if you’re comfortable with spreadsheets, try creating your own.
Working out the Costs
Once you have your spreadsheet ready to go you can start researching costs and add them in as you go. You don’t need to make any firm decisions about which suppliers you want to use or what you want to see and do just yet, you will just be taking a look around to get a rough idea of cost. Let me break it down for you by going through each type of expense and how you can go about researching it.
There are a few different types of transport expenses you might encounter on your holiday, airfares, car hire, gas, rail/bus tickets, transfers or public transport. You need to get to your destination somehow. Even if it’s in your own car driving just a few hours away, you will encounter the cost of gas.
Start your research by finding out what types of transport you will need on this holiday. Obviously, if you’re travelling overseas or across a large country or continent you will need to start with airfares. My suggestion is start with a website like Expedia or Skyscanner. Input your destination, approximate dates, number of travellers and press search. This will bring up a bunch of different results from different airlines at different times of day, some via other destinations. You don’t need to go into specifics at this stage, just scroll through and average the costs.
Next is car hire. I like to use VroomVroomVroom to do my research, so head over there and input your dates, pick up and drop off location(s) and any other specifications you might like including GPS, child seat etc. Like with the airfare search, you will get a bunch of results from different car hire companies and different types of vehicles available. Have a quick think about the size of car you might like and look at the different prices for each car company. Note that there is a price different between automatic and manual car rentals. Do an average and add this price to your budget.
If you’re planning on travelling by rail or bus during your trip you will need to find an average cost for this also. Unlike with airfares and car hire there isn’t one website that covers the whole world for rail and bus tickets so you’re going to have to do a bit more looking around for this one. Do an internet search, for example, “rail or bus tickets Europe”. Depending on which country you’re from will depend on the results but usually you will find a reputable website on the first page of results that will provide you with costings. At this point you will also need to look into whether a pass or individual tickets are cheapest for you. Once you have an average cost, add it to the spreadsheet.
Transfers are next. While these are generally minor costs, they do eventually add up when combined with the other costs and help to make your budget more accurate. Do an internet search again, this time for the airport you will be transferring to/from. Most major airports will have a section on their website called something like “getting to/from the airport”. Click on that, and it is here that you are likely to find which airport transfer companies operate at this airport and sometimes this page may even have costs on it. Add this cost to the spreadsheet and remember to factor in return transfers if needed.
Finally public transport. This is going to be the hardest to determine and will depend on where you are travelling to. If you’re headed to a big city then this cost will be higher than if you’re visiting a smaller city or town where you’ll likely get around on foot. When I am visiting a big city I usually budget for around two trips on public transport per day. My go to reference when looking for public transport costs is Nomadic Matt’s destination and city guides. He does a great job of summarising the cost of public transport in each city he has profiled.
This is something that not all of you will need to think about. If you are planning on going on an organised, multi-day guided tour, then this will be one of your biggest holiday costs. You’ll need to know how much it’s going to cost and if there are any additional fees like single supplement, entrance fees not included in the tour price or a trip kitty to be paid on arrival.
If you are planning on taking a tour, chances are you already know which one you want to do, therefore just head to the company’s webpage, note the cost for the dates you are thinking of travelling on and look through the trips dossier and additional notes to find out what, if any, the additional costs are. Note them down on the spreadsheet.
If however you’re unsure about which particular tour or company you want to go with then a website like TourRadar is a great place to start looking and to get an idea of average prices for the destination, length of time and type of tour you are after. Do a tour comparison and add the average cost, or exact cost, if you find something you love, to the spreadsheet.
The next biggest expense for your holiday is likely to be your accommodation. The first thing you need to do is determine what style of accommodation you want for this holiday. There are a number of different styles ranging from top of the range luxury hotels and resorts, modest run of the mill hotels and chains, apartment rental, budget hotels, B&B’s, hostels or even free accommodation like coachsurfing. Here are my go to resources for each of these accommodation styles:
- Expedia – You can find just about every type of accommodation on Expedia these days including luxury hotels and resorts, hotels in all price ranges, B&B’s and select hostels.
- HostelWorld – As the name suggests, you will find hostels on this website along with budget hotels and B&B’s.
- Airbnb – Unique apartments and rooms all over the world.
- Couchsurfing – Exactly as the name says, find a couch, usually free, to sleep on in someone’s home. These aren’t always couches and sometime can be a bed or a whole room.
Once you have done your research on one of the above websites you should be able to find an average price from the options available and then add it to the spreadsheet. If during your holiday you will be staying in more than one location, I suggest having a different row on the spreadsheet for each one to keep a better track of each cost. Some destinations are more expensive or cheaper than others.
Sights & Activities
This is where a good guide book will come in handy. I always reference my trusty Lonely Planet at this point to get prices for the key attractions in the place I am visiting. It’s quick and easy and you don’t need to make any firm decisions at this point about what exactly you’re going to see and do, this is just to get an idea of price.
How much you plan to spend on sights and activities will be up to you and the destination you are visiting. If you’re spending nights in an all-inclusive resort where you plan to relax and do nothing then this cost will likely be zero. However, if you’re visiting a big city, say Paris or New York, where a lot of the city’s must see attractions charge an entrance fee then the costs of these will add up.
Nomadic Matt’s destination and city guides are also great resources for finding average costs for sights in most of the major destinations around the world.
Once you have an idea of prices for sights, activities and tours you can determine an average price and add that to the spreadsheet.
Food & Drink
Working out how much you’re going to spend on food and drink will depend on what type of food experience you want to have. If you love street food, will happily cook your own meals from time to time in the hostel and drink little or at backpacker’s bars with great drink specials then your budget will be very low. If, however you’re after fine dining experiences and lavish cocktails in flashy bars then your food budget will be high.
Our food and drink budget is usually somewhere in between. We like to make a simple breakfast in the hostel (when staying in hostels), have a quick simple lunch on the go and finish the day off with a reasonable meal in a nice sit down restaurant. We don’t snack a lot throughout the day but might have an ice cream on a hot day or the odd street snack if we can’t help ourselves. We also don’t drink a lot when travelling as we like to have a clear head and make the most of our time but this really depends on the location and who we are travelling with. As an example, for Europe our average daily food budget for two people was around €70. This might seem a lot to budget travellers and too little to those who travel more up market.
It is also going to depend on which part of the world you are in. Most of SE Asia will cost you a small fraction of the price of most other regions and countries in the world. Australia is notorious for being expensive for food and parts of Europe and South America are up there too.
Your guide book will give you a good indication on prices as will Nomadic Matt’s destination and city guides.
How much you want to spend on souvenirs and shopping when you travel is entirely up to you. If there is something specific that you want to purchase in your destination then do a bit of research about how much it costs. I usually don’t budget for these expenses until closer to my holiday when I know how much money I have saved. If I have saved really well and have more than I need to cover the important expenses then I might allow myself more. Really, it’s up to you. Just make sure that these expenses make it on your budget at some point before you leave.
The biggest major expense you will have in this section is travel insurance. The cost of this is going to depend on where you are travelling to, from and what level of cover you are comfortable with. There is no one worldwide insurance comparison website but each country should have their own. For example, people living in Australia would use Compare the Market to find the best price. To find your best options do an internet search with the phrase “compare travel insurance” and usually one of the first few results will be a reputable website based in your country.
Purchasing luggage, if this is your first trip, may also be a cost you need to factor in. If you’ve after a backpack check out your local adventure stores and for suitcases try a department store. Online research is also a great idea to get an average price.
I highly recommend having a good guide book or eBook with you before and during your travels. I personally love Lonely Planet but there are others that provide similar information for about the same prices.
Bringing it All Together
By now your spreadsheet will be looking very full and you should have an idea of a total average budget. This of course can be tweaked at this stage if you feel it is too high or (very rarely) too low. You’ll have to really think about what is most important to you when you travel. There are ways of reducing your budget with a bit of creative thinking. Here are a few of my tips:
- To reduce airfares consider budget airlines or indirect flights. Also keep an eye out for sales is a good idea.
- Forgo adding a GPS to your hire car and instead download offline maps using a good app to your smartphone.
- Mix it up a bit with your accommodation, especially on a long trip. If you like sleeping in luxury try adding a few nights in a cheaper form of accommodation like an apartment.
- Research free activities and events going in your destination and look up museums websites for days they offer free entry.
- Have a picnic lunch from time to time with food purchased at a local market or supermarket. Not only is this cheaper but it will give you a great insight into the food that the locals eat.
- If you don’t travel too often, borrow luggage from friends and family to save you the cost of purchasing it yourself.
- Don’t settle for the cheapest travel insurance policy just because it’s cheaper. Remember that you get what you pay for and that sometimes spending that little bit more will save you in the long run.
Now it’s time to start saving!
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Over to you!
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